Ranthambore Fort

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Ranthambore Fort is a historic monument located inside the Ranthambore National Park of Sawai Madhopur, Rajasthan, India. The fort lies within the former hunting grounds of the Maharajahs of Jaipur until the time of India’s Independence. It is a formidable fort and has been a focal point of the historical developments of Rajasthan.


The fort was initially built by King Jayant in the 5th century CE. Descendants of Jayant ruled over it till they were expelled by Prithviraj Chauhan in the 12th century. Subsequently, the fort was later occupied by the Muslim rulers of Delhi. Hammiradeva was the most powerful ruler of Ranthambore under the Chauhans. Its earlier name was Ranastambhapura (Sanskrit: Raṇa-sthaṃba-pura, “City of the Battle Post”). The fort came under the control of the Muslim Ghurid ruler Muhammad of Ghor after the defeat of Prithviraj III (Prithviraj Chauhan) in 1192 CE. The Delhi Sultan Iltutmish captured Ranthambore in 1226, but the Chauhans re-captured it after he died in 1236. The armies of Sultan Nasiruddin Mahmud, led by the future Sultan Balban, unsuccessfully besieged the fortress in 1248 and 1253 but captured it from Jaitrasingh Chauhan in 1259. Shakti Dev succeeded Jaitrasingh in 1283 and recaptured Ranthambore and enlarged the kingdom. Sultan Jalal ud din Firuz Khalji briefly besieged the fort in 1290-91 but was unsuccessful in capturing it.


The fort was built by the Chauhan Rajput clan on top of a small hillock, Thambhore Hill. The fort is characterized by temples, tanks, massive gates, and huge walls. Constructed in 944 AD, Ranthambore Fort has witnessed many sieges and battles. An architectural marvel, the fort includes many attractions such include Toran Dwar, Mahadeo Chhatri, and Sametonki Haveli within its premises. The presence of a mosque and temple within the fort precincts bears testimony to the secularity of the Rajput kings. The Lord Ganesha temple housed here is a major tourist attraction. In conclusion, Ranthambore Fort is a historical marvel that offers a glimpse into the rich history and culture of Rajasthan. Its unique location, architectural brilliance, and historical significance make it a must-visit destination for history buffs and tourists alike. The fort stands as a symbol of the resilience and courage of the Rajput warriors and is a testament to their architectural prowess. Despite the ravages of time, the fort continues to stand tall, narrating the tales of its glorious past to all those who visit it.